When it comes to research, you can’t just go around asking any question you like, to anyone you like, and publish what ever results you want.
Ethics are strongly involved when it comes to research. This can be difficult however because when it comes to ethics, nothing is set in stone, instead they are widely-agreed moral principals about what is right and wrong, what is proper and improper. It’s the grey area between right and wrong and rules and policy.
This however is difficult because what is right, and what is wrong is open to interpretation, which can cause a number of issues when trying to conduct ethical research.
To have ethics when doing research, it will make sure the researcher is doing the right thing – by the project, its participants and society at large
To do any research, especial when at University, you usual need ethics clearance from a bored of people who will determine whether your research is ethical.
If any of your research involved human participants, then this clearance must be approved before you can go ahead and conduct the research. This is done to ensue that the subjects involved are not going to be harmed from the research or the publication of the research.
Because ethics are ideals that aren’t set in stone, usually institutions, like the Universities, will have their own set of ethics guidelines that will be used by the committee to determine whether the research being presented is ethical.
These comities also check research proposals to look at any possible privacy issues as well as address issues about informed consent. If these measures are not followed, legal action can be taken against the institution as well as the researcher.
Ethical research means that all subject participation must be voluntary and also gives the participants rights over the information they provide. An example can be, they must be kept anonymous if they want to be, they can withdraw from the study at any time, it also means that they have every right to know what they are being tested on before testing begins. You are not allowed to withhold any information from participants at any point.
This is one of the issues surrounding ethical research, especially when you are trying to research things that people aren’t conscious of doing.
When doing any research, privacy is a big issue. You have a great responsibility to keep participants anonymous if they want it, that information is confidential and that you store information and results in a secure spot.
Ethical research also influences data analyse, yet is less controversial. It would be unethical, for example to tamper to change data that has been collected. You also cannot come to conclusions that do not match what your data has sown you.
As you can see, ethics plays a huge but important role when it comes to doing research.